A human being is a creature of fantastic intelligence and even more fantastic laziness. It seems to be much easier to develop a system performing certain actions, rather than doing it yourself. Virtually, these traits comprise the engine for progress, which led to the creation of smart technologies and the Internet of Things (or IoT) in particular. With the introduction of IoT, our life became by all odds easier.
For example, you stand in the rain and dream of a hot bath and a cup of tea. Using your smartphone you can order your smart bath to run and your smart kettle to boil water. Or you can program the bath to be ready every Wednesday at 7:33 p.m. with water temperature of 102.2 °F and sky blue light illumination.
If you are a proud owner of a smart house (which is closely connected with IoT) while standing in the same rain you can also have all windows closed and a heater turned on. Indeed, when all the things surrounding you are interconnected and can be programmed in accordance with your needs and desires, life becomes a bowl of cherries.
The IoT is aimed not only at household use. It is extensively demanded at factories, hospitals, banks, media, agriculture, etc. In fact, the implementation of IoT can be a great solution for your business too.
Automating the processes which used to be purely manual, relieves us from routine and truly facilitates our life. Still, let’s be honest, we want something more than that – something smarter. The next stage to appear is the so-called Smart IoT. Currently, we face a necessity to tell the system what should be done in order to achieve the result we expect. But Smart IoT will simply need to know the expected result – the system will think over the ways to achieve it on its own.
Technically, it can be implemented with the help of multiagent technologies that already exist. Each participant of the process (user and devices) has a program agent, which represents them in a virtual world. All agents know their purpose and how they should act in different situations. So after receiving certain information, an agent plans actions and then carry them out.
Let’s return to the example with the rain. Before it started to rain, a window agent receives information about the weather changes and closes the windows. The same information is sent to a heater agent, which maintains a comfortable temperature at home. A bath agent knows that when the weather is cold, it is supposed to run with hot water. So after receiving the information about the temperature outside, it needs to know the time when you return home. Your smartphone knows that and provides information about your location and movements. Finally, when you come home, the bath is ready, the house is warm, and all the windows are closed – without extra orders from your side. That’s what is really smart.
It might sound impossible. But do not forget about ontology – a machine-readable way of representing knowledge. The idea is in providing some knowledge about the essence of the physical world to an agent. If we take a step further and give information about rules of interaction and the logic of the Smart IoT to agents, all of this will come true.
Nowadays, the Smart IoT is just a prospect which has not been implemented … yet. Smart IoT will help us develop truly smart devices that will improve the quality of our life. We will develop the smart economy, finances, healthcare, widely used smart vehicles and, what is more, we will move closer to Smart cities – the cities of a dream which now exist only in fantasy fiction and movies. Just imagine a city where the whole environment is smart. Smart buildings, that regulate the temperature and light in the room depending on whether people are there, thus reducing energy consumption. Smart streetlights with energy-efficient bulbs that turn on only when someone walks along the street. Smart driverless cars, which drive on the road with sensors to gather data about traffic patterns, and park on the smart lots that indicate about spots available. It takes a breath away, doesn’t it? And all these things will be real one day. But now, let’s focus on making the things around us smarter.